Marietta Wetherill Collection

In 1954 the heirs of Marietta Wetherill at her behest gave the University of New Mexico, Maxwell Museum, her extensive collection of Native American artifacts, textiles, silver work and other items . Marietta Wetherill's husband, Richard Wetherill, was an explorer of the Four Corners area and discoverer of ruins at Mesa Verde, Colorado, the Basket Maker culture of Cave 7 in Utah, the ruins of Keet Seel in Arizona and was the first to head up excavations of ruins in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. The excavations were guided by Dr. Pepper of the University of Pennsylvania. He also discovered hundreds of other non-descript ruins in the Four Corners area. He was killed in 1910 by an angry customer near his trading post at Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. The photos here are only a small portion of the collection.
  • IMG 7486  Coiled White willow background with black decorations, large black center with white crosses around edge of black. Rectangular stepped design in black to rim is narrow black and white circular bands. Pima or Western Apache. Apache. Item 13 on inventory
  • IMG 7471  Paiute. Beaded, blue background with red, yellow, and green zig-zag designs bands run around edge at sole, across top at tongue and two down toe. Item 2 on inventory.
  • IMG 7505  Hopi Belt Solid white cotton cloth belt with white knobs filled with cornhusk and wrapped with string with tassels from knobs. Made by oblique interlacing. Also called a rain sash. Item 5 on inventory.
  • IMG 7468  Apache,Willow rod foundation, willow sewing element.  Non-split, non-interlocking stitch. Simple coiled basket of willow beaded with a jacket of beads which has been woven and then sewn on the basket. Designs are large stepped blue, red, green, and orange diamonds on a gold background.  Note on back of old catalog card: I was able to befriend an Apache accused of the murder of a schoolteacher from Columbia. Item 8 and 9 on inventory.
  • IMG 7487  Coiled Black (martynia) design in center with triangles between rays and triangles pendant from the rim. White willow background - marginal. Possibly Northern Papago. An indication of its age is the deep brown color. Plaque used in the home as a plate or in ceremonials for carrying prayer-sticks. Mrs. Wetherill received this from same woman as ??. Item 11 on inventory.
  • IMG 7467  Basket bowl, coiled. White willow background with black decorations, large black center with white crosses around edge of black. Rectangular stepped design in black to rim is narrow black and white circular bands. Pima or Western Apache. Item 13 on inventory.
  • IMG 7484  Kachina figurine, white case mask, body paint with black markings and designs. large red ears. Hawk feather on top and back of head. Hopi. Mrs. Wetherill"On a visit to Shungpovi with George Nasofti. Item 14 on inventory.
  • IMG 7485  Kachina figurine, old doll w/ white case mask, beak, slit eyes, outlined in yellow. orange, black, yellow and red mask decorations. white and black body decorations. red moccasins. figure is leaning slightly forward. George Nasofti added red shoes onto the already old kachina. Item 15 on inventory.
  • IMG 7480  Turquoise disc bead strings with two round red shell beads at bottom. old style earrings attached to bottom of 55.20.55. Items 39 and 40 on inventory.
  • IMG 7479  Orange coral tube beads with handmade silver tubes five strands. Donor calls necklace Navajo but may have been made by a Pueblo for sale to Navajo. Item 42 on inventory.
  • IMG 7476  Two silver and turquoise bracelets. part cast, part wrought set with 4 stones. fifth stone and its bezel missing. Item 43 on inventory.
  • IMG 7478  Navajo, Assorted silver concho buttons. Item 46 on inventory.
  • IMG 7483  hammered designs set of 12 silver spoons with stamped designs in a red flannel carrying case.  All spoons have different designs. Item 47 on inventory.
  • IMG 7474  Navajo, miniature bracelet & ring, (A, B) each with one stone. Made for a competition. More information on acquisition on back of old accession card. Item 48 on inventory.
  • IMG 7477  On the right, two buttons, rounded smooth conical a hammered from mexican coin. On left small portion of necklace including 8 squash blossoms, 6 small balls, one small realistic hand. Items 44 and 49)
  • IMG 7469  mall feathered basket bowl. feathers inserted nder the rim coil row and a step pattern in dark fiber worked into the structure on light background. This tiny basket made of the finest thread with quail feathers was given to Marietta about 1896 by Mr. Borden. Item 51 on inventory.
  • IMG 7482
  • IMG 7472  Beaded moccasins, Soux. Item 64 on inventory.
  • IMG 7473  Soux. Miniature leather moccasins with light blue beads on front, tied together with leather laces. item 65 on inventory.
  • IMG 7488  Burden basket, hide bottom and fringe, conical in shape. Twined basket with bands of black on white (one line band at the top is followed by a wider band, which in turn is followed by two wider bands). Four strips of fringed buckskin run from the bottom to the top and the bottom is a solid piece of buckskin which is fringed at the edges. The rim is varied black and white. Item 7 on  inventory.
  • IMG 7492  Sioux bandolier bag. Strap and front of bag have beaded floral design on white beaded background; band of orange velvet fabric between strap and bag has beaded floral design; blue silk trim is deteriorating; bag is stitched shut. Item 66 on inventory.
  • IMG 7500  Navajo. black and white simple rectilineal meander border. red background with black and white checked terraced diamonds. Vertical band in center with three white 'stars' on a brown background. one massive repair w/crochet stitch.  From Mrs. Wetherill's notes: "The bayetta in this blanket was some that was manufactured in Boston.  It was an experiment and while a good copy, it faded. We never handled it at our trading post., but Horbin at Thoreau has some. One of our Navajo women bought two yards for a dress, but her husband made her weave thia blanket.
  • IMG 7499  Navajo. simple rectilineal meander border in blue, white, red background w/ blue, white, red checkered and initialled diamonds in row down length. crocheted (?) edging on both ends. Bayeta cloth & indigo. Old notes on card "The bayeta in this blanket was some that was manufactured in Boston. It was an experiment and while a good copy it faded. We never handled it at our trading post. Item 18 on inventory.
  • IMG 7503  Saddle Blanket, Navajo. four ply russet background w/ serrated diamonds in horizontal and vertical rows along edge and two large diamonds in center. diamonds of four ply red, green, beige combinations, cotton twine warp which is tied off on one end. fringe in all colors tied onto both ends and cut off very short. Item 19 on inventory.
  • IMG 7495  Navajo. red background with white border on one end and fringed on the other. eight blue crosses (geese) in profile with white "eyes". Item 22 on inventory.
  • IMG 7491  Navajo belt on the left,Red background. Center band double woven (is raised red and white design) on one side, long red diamonds on a red and white striped background the other side is alternating red and white striped rectangles in a band with a diamond outlined in red and a rectangle with a red background with a diamond in red and white stripes. Narrow blue stripes on either side of center band, white line border. Fringed at ends. On the right,  Hopi Belt Solid white cotton cloth belt with white knobs filled with cornhusk and wrapped with string with tassels from knobs. Made by oblique interlacing. Also called a rain sash. Item 26 and 5 on inventory)
  • IMG 7498  Half of saddle blanket. Only one border which is brown and is bordered by a small red line. The design is a series of columns of red and brown stripes alternating so that the stripes run red. Brown, red, etc. Navajo. Velling.  Mrs. Wetherill was led to the grave of an old Navajo woman by a Navajo boy named Tomascito. She had gone to examine buckskin dresses that the deceased Navajo women had made prior to squaw dresses. While at the grave she obtained some Navajo jewelry and the fragment of the saddle blanket. Item 29 on inventory.
  • IMG 7502  Inventory says chair cover, accession book says Chimayo child's poncho, this record said rug or chair throw. Owned by Richard Wetherill at time of his marriage in 1896. Item 31 on inventory.
  • IMG 7496  Gray background with small flecks of red and yellow on it in a zig-zag pattern. Various colored diamond in center with black and red center and black band near outer edge of diamond. Bottom and top border are red white and black, then a band of grey, and other colored stripes. Concave base-type arrowheads are below the multicolored stripes. Similar arrowheads form the border on the sides. New Mexico Hispanic. Goes with 55.20.47. . Given to the Wetherills as a wedding present. More information on acquisition on back of old accession card. Item 32 on inventory.
  • IMG 7497  Saltillo design style, stripes on each end with serrated arrows forming rectangular border along sides and striped edges. serrated diamond design in center brown background with small diamond insets forming zig-zag background pattern field. ikat technique used to create verrigated effect in arrows and central diamond. New Mexico Hispanic. Goes with 55.20.46. Several rewoven or stabalized areas. fringe and corners worn. structurally sound.  given to the wetherills as a wedding present in 1896 by J. S. Candelario. Item 33 on inventory.
  • IMG 7504  New Mexico Hispanic, serape fragment, pieced together. Series of wide red bands bordered by a band of red, black, yellow and white small bands. Repaired with sewing machine.  Made up of fragments pieced together. Item 36 on inventory.
  • IMG 7494  Jemez Pueblo, Pictorial rug with five long sections of cotton (crudely woven) blanket divided by a line of feathers (of which only the quills now remain). Tassels at corners. Some designs in brown scorched on or rubbed on, however so faint it is hard to tell. Given to Mrs. Wetherill's son by a Jemez man who said it represented the Jemez watershed. It is supposedly woven with fiber from the cottonwood tree and painted with brown stain from puffballs. Possibly ceremonial item from cave. Item 37 on inventory.
  • IMG 7489  Nez Perce. Basketry bag, wrapped twining, Brown cedar bark background, four horizontal sets of three diamonds each connected with the following row by a small line. Diamonds are made up of small rectangles of red, green, brown and black. Border at top and bottom of darker brown than background set off by red line. Other side of basket is 2 connected triangles with smaller pendant triangles.  Item 57 on inventory.
  • IMG 7490  Basket bag,each side of bag decorated with different motifs in wool embroidery. front: five rows of multicolored diamonds, five per row. each diamond has red center surrounded by light blue, the outer band varies but generally mottled blue gray. reverse:parallel paired stepped lines run from top to bottom alternating pairs of green and red. bag woven all in one piece. Item 58 on inventory.
  • IMG 7508  LaWanda Eaton Smith with camera and great granddaughter of Richard and Marietta Wetherill, Dr. Kathryn Klein Curator of Ethnology Maxwell Museum, Sarah Matthews Assistant Curator Maxwell Museum of Anthropology, Marie Garcia Shaffner board member Maxwell Museum and wife of James Wetherill Shaffner, Ralph Hall visitor and partner to Lawanda Eaton Smith.  James Wetherill Shaffner grandson of Richard and Marietta Wetherill behind the camera.
  • IMG 7506  L - R  Marie Garcia Shaffner board member Maxwell Museum and wife of James Wetherill Shaffner,  Dr. Kathryn Klein Curator of Ethnology Maxwell Museum LaWanda Eaton Smith great granddaughter of Richard and Marietta Wetherill,  Sarah Matthews Assistant Curator Maxwell Museum of Anthropology.  James Wetherill Shaffner grandson of Richard and Marietta Wetherill behind the camera.
  • IMG 7509  A Wetherill collection of ancient pottery.
  • IMG 7510  A Wetherill collection of ancient pottery.
  • IMG 7513  Mesa Verde Black on White pottery
  • popejoy letter copy  Letter from Tom L. Popejoy thanking Robert Wetheril,l son of Marietta Wetherill.  Popejoy was the president of the University of New Mexico. The heirs of  Marietta Wetherill gave the university Marietta's vast collection of ancient artifacts and other Native American items.  Marietta Wetherill's husband Richard Wetherill was an explorer of the Four Corners area.  He discovered the several ruins of the Mesa Verde,  The Basket Makers in Cave 7 in Utah, The ruins of Keet Seel in Arizona and was the first to head up excavations of ruins in Chaco Canyon, New Mexico.  The excavations were guided by Dr. Pepper of the University of Pennsylvania.  He also discovered hundreds of other non descript ruins in the Four Corners area. He was killed in 1910 by an angry customer of his trading post.